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Policymakers and Security Experts on NPEC

Henry Sokolski and the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center have been for many years top resources for my work on nonproliferation issues. NPEC’s commitment to reducing the nuclear threat is second to none.

Sen. Ed Markey
Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Ranking Member, Subcommittee on East Asia, The Pacific and International Cybersecurity Policy

NPEC stands out among the many groups that provide analysis and information about nuclear nonproliferation because it focuses on something that receives less attention than it should – namely, the proliferation impacts of civilian nuclear cooperation.  You can count on NPEC to provide incisive analysis of nuclear nonproliferation issues from diverse points of view.

Congressman Brad Sherman
Ranking Member
House Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific


I am deeply impressed with NPEC’s mastery of a broad range of nonproliferation topics and the depth of analysis reflected in its profusion of publications.  NPEC is widely respected for distilling complex nuclear threat issues down to their essence and providing timely, actionable, and eminently sensible policy recommendations.

 Congressman Jeff Fortenberry
Co-founder, Congressional Nuclear Security Working Group

The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center has distinguished itself with its no-nonsense analyses and strong advocacy for robust nonproliferation policies. The organization's leadership ranks in the top tier of experts that the Committee on Foreign Relations looks to for testimony on difficult issues.

Richard Lugar
President of the Lugar Center
Fmr. Senator (R), Indiana

NPEC and its guiding light, Henry Sokolski, have for fifteen years performed an invaluable service to our country on the critical threats posed by proliferation. They have provided evidence, analysis and opinion to inform and enhance our policy debates, and in so doing earned the respect of all the participants in that debate, no mean accomplishment in Washington these. Although I wish the world were such that we didn't have to wish Henry and NPEC well for another fifteen years, we do, and we should.  Best of luck! 

Ambassador John Bolton
Former National Security Advisor
Former Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security
Former  U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations

For 15 years, no individual or organization has spent more time studying the risks associated with the spread of civil nuclear power technology and the failure to deal with the nuclear weapons programs of Iran and North Korea as Henry Sokolski and the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC).  As the threats of nuclear terrorism and proliferation continue to dominate national security policy debates, both Sokolski and NPEC will continue to provide a vital service to the legislative and executive branches.

Jon Kyl
Covington and Burling, LLP
Fmr. Senator (R), Arizona

The publications and activities of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center have been invaluable to me, my academic colleagues, and my students in understanding the complex and multi-faceted challenges of nonproliferation. In an area often characterized by self-interested and biased arguments, Henry and the NPEC can be counted on for the honest and penetrating analysis that is needed to inform our debates.

Robert Jervis
Adlai E. Stevenson Professor of International Politics, Columbia University

Henry Sokolski is one of the few individuals and NPEC one of the few organisations that can be relied upon to keep a sharp dispassionate focus on all issues connected with nuclear non-proliferation. Scholars, think-tankers and policy-makers alike have reason to be very grateful.

Sir Lawrence Freedman
Emeritus Professor of War Studies, King's College London

For the last quarter of a century, Henry Sokolski and NPEC’s insightful analysis has illuminated the most pressing nuclear issues and provided timely recommendations to prevent proliferation

Graham T. Allison
Douglas Dillon Professor of Government
Harvard Kennedy School


The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center's primary focus is on the potentially dangerous spread of nuclear weapons technology. It also scours the nuclear world for technical information on nuclear industry developments, problems and opportunities. One can disagree or agree with its research, but for me, it’s a good read.

Linden Blue
Co-owner and Vice Chairman
General Atomics

NPEC and Henry Sokolski deserve credit, not just for shooting straight on the dangers of nuclear proliferation, but for working behind the scenes to develop competitive strategies that meld military and diplomatic steps to deal with emerging missile threats and space satellite vulnerabilities.


Simon “Pete” Worden
Executive Director
Breakthrough Initiatives


For two decades, Henry Sokolski and NPEC have courageously and consistently advocated policies to prevent nuclear proliferation.  With a crystalline message, innovative analysis, and acute insights, NPEC has been a leader on one of the most important national security challenges to confront us.  We owe them our gratitude.

William Tobey
Former Deputy Administrator
National Nuclear Security Administration


“You can count on Henry Sokolski and NPEC to provide principled analysis and fearless recommendations on the leading proliferation issues of the day, regardless of political correctness or partisan interests.”


Gary Samore
Former White House Coordinator for Arms Control and Weapons of Mass Destruction


In a town where institutions tend to stake out predictable and not very original positions, NPEC cannot be easily pigeon-holed.Its honest, hard-hitting analysis has often made administrations of both parties uncomfortable –and that’s probably a good thing.

Robert Einhorn
Former Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation
U.S. Department of State

Thanks to the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center no one dealing with nuclear non-proliferation policies and issues will ever be able to say "I didn't know", "I didn't realize" or "what else could have been done?" This, by itself, is a major accomplishment.

Pierre Goldschmidt
Former Head of the IAEA
Department of Safeguards

Henry and NPEC - without fear or favor - have kept U.S. policy makers and the international community aware of the up and down sides associated with expanding global use of nuclear energy. Some may find it hard to listen to the down to earth and biting views NPEC presents, but they are an indispensable part of the debate...

Ollie Heinonen
Former Senior Fellow
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
Former Deputy Director General of the IAEA for Safe Guards

It is essential that government and industry are fully cognizant of the proliferation and security implications of their decisions and actions on nuclear energy. Henry Sokolski and NPEC provide a much-needed reality check – their independent in-depth analysis is invaluable in identifying weaknesses, oversights and dangers in nuclear policies and developments.

John Carlson
Former Director-General, Australian Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Office
Former Chair, IAEA Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation

Few nonproliferation policy shops, including the big ones, have accomplished as much as NPEC.

Victor Gilinsky
Former NRC Commissioner

Anyone with a serious interest in nuclear proliferation needs to track NPEC's reports. NPEC provides not only up-to-date information, it exposes the considerable array of follies and contradictions in our policies. It is a one- stop shop for sanity on technology, economics, politics and bureaucratic behavior.

Henry Rowen
Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution
Former RAND President
Former Chairman, the National Intelligence Council, and former Assistant Secretary of Defense

NPEC has commissioned landmark research reports on  nuclear-proliferation-related issues and plays an important role in Washington's nuclear-policy debates as an expert and effective nuclear iconoclast.

Frank Von Hippel
Princeton University
Co-chair International Panel on Fissile Materials

There are many think tanks in Washington. Very few of them can be described as invaluable. NPEC is one of those few. In an era where no issue matters more -- or is thought about less -- than nuclear proliferation, NPEC has consistently provided the most comprehensive and intelligent analysis available.

Bret Stephens
Columnist, The New York Times

NPEC is a vital and effective world leader in the deadly serious business of stopping the spread of nuclear weapons. If we don't want to lose a city, or worse, we should support NPEC's work now.

Amory Lovins
Cofounder, Chief Scientist, and Chairman Emeritus
Rocky Mountain Institute

NPEC and Henry Sokolski are a steady source of penetrating analysis and innovative policy recommendations.  They are an exceptionally creative players in the nonproliferation field. 

George Perkovich
VP for Studies
The Carnegie Endowment

NPEC has consistently been way ahead of the curve. Not only does NPEC identify problems long before they hit the front pages, it has an excellent record at bringing together regional experts with strategic thinkers. It also thinks seriously about how the other side will try to counter whatever approach the United States adopts and realizes that foreign policy problems usually require an ongoing campaign, not just immediate policy steps. 

Patrick Clawson
Director of Research
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

Henry Sokolski’s Nonproliferation Policy Education Center is a go-to place in Washington for deep, granular, nonpartisan, and actionable research on how to keep the world’s worst weapons out of the hands of the world’s most dangerous people. 

 Mark Dubowitz
Chief Executive
Foundation for the Defense of Democracies

“Henry Sokolski's work earns wide regard because it is both informed and trenchant. His analysis offers valuable insights and presents important challenges—not only to those who have advocated prior non-proliferation initiatives but to those who contend that there are better options.

Alton Frye
Presidential Senior Fellow Emeritus
The Council on Foreign Relations 

NPEC in the Media

Sep 23, 2021: The Christian Science Monitor quotes NPEC's executive director in "Why some Pacific powers may be siding with US against China"

Aug 23, 2021: Mediaite cites NPEC's executive director Henry Sokolski and Brian Chow's op-ed on "U.S. satellites increasingly vulnerable to China’s ground-based lasers" in "Pentagon Reportedly Set to Declassify Space Laser Capable of Destroying Satellites, Spacecraft"

Aug 12, 2021: Financial Post cites letter written by US nonproliferation experts and former officials (including NPEC’s executive director) asking Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to stop a Canadian reprocessing project in "Trudeau's multi-million dollar nuclear deal called out by non-proliferation experts"

Aug 05, 2021: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace sites NPEC's report on China's civil nuclear sector in "What’s Driving China’s Nuclear Buildup?"

Jul 30, 2021: WyoFile quotes NPEC's executive director Henry Sokolski in "We’ve been here before: Wyoming nuclear project echoes of past"

Jul 28, 2021: Canada's National Observer cites letter written by US nonproliferation experts and former officials (including NPEC’s executive director) asking Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to stop a Canadian reprocessing project in "Non-proliferation experts send letter of concern over New Brunswick nuclear project"

Jul 24, 2021: Ken Maize's The Quad Report showcases NPEC's analysis of the nuclear weapons proliferation implications of Bill Gates' Natrium fast reactor project in "Commentary: Will Bill Gates’ Fast Nuclear Reactor Bomb?"

Jul 16, 2021: The Hill spotlights NPEC’s latest report, “Grim Prospect: Low-yield Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East” in "Iran cannot build a nuclear weapon if we dismantle its infrastructure."

Jun 16, 2021: Ken Maize’s The Quad Report showcases NPEC analysis on the lack of military mission for micro-reactors in "Guest commentary: Tiny military nukes are a bad idea"

Jun 14, 2021: Al Jazeera cites NPEC analysis of the range of safety issues that might be in play with reported leak of noble gases from a French-designed Chinese reactor in "China nuclear reactor: French partner calls meeting over leak"

Jun 08, 2021: Columbia International Affairs Online posts NPEC's latest publications on their website.

Jun 07, 2021: KSL TV quotes NPEC's Executive Director in "Giant Utah Missile Contract Generates Lots Of Jobs, Debate"

Jun 01, 2021: Politico Morning Defense spotlights NPEC’s latest report, “Grim Prospect: Low-yield Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East” in Nuclear Weapons News.

May 28, 2021: Neutron Bytes showcases NPEC’s report, “China’s Civil Nuclear Sector: Plowshares to Swords?” in "China’s CFR-600 Draws Concerns as a Breeder Reactor"

May 27, 2021: Al Jazeera showcases NPEC’s latest report on the harm a low-yield 1-kt nuclear weapon would do to five major Middle Eastern cities in, "Iran nuclear deal: Are IAEA safeguards ‘dangerously obsolete’?"

May 26, 2021: Tech Times cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "China Fast Reactor 600 to be Launched in 2023, 2026 Draws International Attention."

May 25, 2021: Popular Mechanics cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "China Is Building Two Secret Nuclear Reactors. Scientists Are Worried."

May 19, 2021: Al Jazeera cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "Concerns grow over China nuclear reactors shrouded in mystery"

Apr 22, 2021: South China Morning Post cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "China’s new nuclear reactors could yield weapons-grade plutonium, warns US commander"

Apr 21, 2021: Reuters cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "UPDATE 1-China reactors will yield weapons-grade plutonium -U.S. commander"

Apr 15, 2021: The Christian Science Monitor on US-Japan relations cites NPEC’s executive director’s analysis and the center’s latest report, “New Frontiers for Security Cooperation with Seoul and Tokyo,” in "Hosting Japan’s leader first, Biden signals new global priorities"

Apr 07, 2021: Asia Times cites latest NPEC report on US security ties with Seoul and Tokyo in "Toward stronger US security ties with Seoul, Tokyo"

Mar 26, 2021: Energy Intelligence cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "China: A Second Reprocessing Plant at Jinta"

Mar 25, 2021: Reuters cites recent NPEC occasional paper on Chinese plutonium stockpiles in, "China nuclear reprocessing to create stockpiles of weapons-level materials-experts"

Mar 24, 2021: Foreign Policy cites NPEC’s program advisor Victor Gilinsky and NPEC’s executive director Henry Sokolski in, "Rafael Grossi Has a Plan to Stop Future Pandemics"

Mar 10, 2021: Al Jazeera cites NPEC analysis in its examination of the risks associated with Turkey’s nuclear power program in, "Turkey’s nuclear power dilemma"

Sep 17, 2020: Foreign Policy cites NPEC in their piece, "Why Israel Should Worry About the Saudi and Emirati Nuclear Programs"

Sep 01, 2020: Aerospace's Center for Space and Policy Strategy cites two NPEC and ABA sponsored space reports in their 2021 space agenda, "Defense Space Partnerships: A Strategic Priority"

Aug 06, 2020: Foreign Policy cites NPEC analysis of what the next 75 nuclear years might bring in their piece, "The Hiroshima Effect"

Jul 21, 2020: Al Jazeera cites NPEC insights on the dangers of building reactors in the Middle East in, “Nuclear Gulf: Is Saudi Arabia pushing itself into a nuclear trap?

Jul 14, 2020: Al Jazeera cites NPEC insights on the dangers of building reactors in the Middle East in, "Nuclear Gulf: Experts sound the alarm over UAE nuclear reactors"


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More of NPEC’s Work
A chronological listing by resource:

Articles | Occasional Papers & Monographs | Interviews | Official Docs & Letters | Op-Eds & Blogs | Press Releases | Presentations | Audio & Video | Testimony & Transcripts | Translations | Wargame Reports
NPEC's Latest
NPEC Articles & Studies
NPEC Events

VIRTUAL TALK: September 9, 2021: "The National Security Case for America Returning to the Moon"

Title: The National Security Case for America Returning to the Moon
Date: September 9, 2021
Time: 5:00 pm - 6:30 pm EDT
Location: Virtual

To view the recording and PowerPoint slides click here.

VIRTUAL TALK: July 12, 2021: "Can Self-Government Survive the Next Convulsion?"

Title: Can Self-Government Survive the Next Convulsion?
Date: July 12, 2021
Time: 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm EDT
Location: Virtual

To view the recording click here.

NPEC Books
     Space and Missile Wars: What Awaits
Apr 2021
     Underestimated: Our Not So Peaceful Nuclear Future, Second Edition
Jan 2019
     Reactor-Grade Plutonium and Nuclear Weapons: Exploding the Myths by Gregory S. Jones
Apr 2018
     Nuclear Rules, Not Just Rights: The NPT Reexamined
Feb 2017
     Should We Let the Bomb Spread?
Jul 2016
     Nuclear Weapons Materials Gone Missing: What Does History Teach?
Nov 2014
     Moving Beyond Pretense: Nuclear Power and Nonproliferation
Jun 2014
     Nuclear Weapons Security Crises: What Does History Teach?
Jul 2013
     The Next Arms Race
Jul 2012
     Pure Risk: Federal Clean Energy Loan Guarantees
Apr 2012
     Nuclear Power's Global Expansion: Weighing Its Costs and Risks
Dec 2010
     Reviewing the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
Jan 2010
     Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Reining in the Risk
Apr 2010
     Nuclear Heuristics: Selected Writings of Albert and Roberta Wohlstetter
Jan 2009
     Falling Behind: International Scrutiny of the Peaceful Atom
Mar 2008
     Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War
Jan 2008
     Gauging U.S.-Indian Strategic Cooperation
Mar 2007
     Taming the Next Set of Strategic Weapons Threats
May 2006
     Getting Ready for a Nuclear Ready Iran
Jan 2005
     Getting MAD: Nuclear Mutual Assured Destruction, Its Origins and Practice
Nov 2004
     Checking Iran's Nuclear Ambitions
Jan 2004
     Beyond Nunn-Lugar: Curbing the Next Wave of Weapons Proliferation Threats from Russia
Apr 2002
     Planning for a Peaceful Korea
Feb 2001
     Twenty First Century Weapons Proliferation
Jan 2001
     Best of Intentions: America's Campaign Against Strategic Weapons Proliferation
Jan 2001
     Prevailing in a Well-Armed World: Devising Competitive Strategies Against Weapons Proliferation
Mar 2000
     Fighting Proliferation: New Concerns for the Nineties
Jan 1996
Briefs of Import
from Outside NPEC
Reuters, Nora Buli
Aug 23, 2021
Finland's Olkiluoto 3 nuclear reactor faces another delay

Bloomberg, Anthony Capaccio (2)
Aug 23, 2021
China Has Improved Accuracy Of Its Missile Force, U.S. Army Finds

Our Community Now, Arnie Gundersen
Aug 21, 2021
An Open Letter to Bill Gates About his Wyoming Atomic Reactor

South China Morning Post, Amber Wang
Aug 20, 2021
China’s military nuclear orders rise fourfold in push to catch up with US

Nautilus Institute, Namrata Goswami
Aug 20, 2021

Breaking Defense, Theresa Hitchens (10)
Aug 20, 2021
Exclusive: Pentagon Poised To Unveil, Demonstrate Classified Space Weapon

U.S. Energy Information Administration (13)
Aug 20, 2021
U.S. large-scale battery storage capacity up 35% in 2020, rapid growth set to continue

UAV Expert News, David Hambling
Aug 19, 2021
The Legacy Of Afghanistan Is A Future Of Drone Wars 

Bloomberg Green, Nathaniel Bullard
Aug 18, 2021
It's Not a Competition, But Renewables are Beating Nuclear Anyway, Tereza Pultarova
Aug 18, 2021
SpaceX Starlink satellites responsible for over half of close encounters in orbit, scientist says

Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Nils Holst
Aug 18, 2021
Nuclear power won’t fix Iraq’s energy crisis

The New Republic, Jacob Silverman
Aug 18, 2021
The New WikiLeaks 

The Epoch Times, Venus Upadhayaya
Aug 18, 2021
In a Next-Generation Battle, Infiltrating Drones Add New Dimension to India–Pakistan Conflict

The Times of India, PTI
Aug 16, 2021
Former British commander cautions Taliban may get control of Pakistan's nuclear weapons

The New Indian Express, PTI (2)
Aug 14, 2021
Pakistan achieved nuclear capability \'within seven years\' of India\'s first test in 1974: President Arif Alvi

The Washington Free Beacon, Bill Gertz (43)
Aug 12, 2021
EXCLUSIVE: China building third missile field for hundreds of new ICBMs

The Intercept, Jon Schwarz
Aug 12, 2021

NBC News, Denise Chow
Aug 12, 2021
This collision avoidance tool could cut the risk of in-orbit crashes

Foreign Policy, Alan Howard & Brenda Shaffer
Aug 12, 2021
The Hidden Dangers of a Carbon-Neutral Military

Space Intel Report, Guest Author
Aug 12, 2021
OSIX Threat Analysis US/China/Russia Space Competition: Endangering the Future of Space Commerce

Deseret News, Rusty Cannon
Aug 11, 2021
Utah cities shouldn’t gamble on nuclear power, Tariq Malik
Aug 11, 2021
Superfast Military Aircraft Lost in Test Flight 

Brinkwire, Helena Sutan
Aug 10, 2021
British special forces are on the lookout for drone assassins.

PV Magazine, John Fitzgerald Weaver
Aug 09, 2021
Solar challenging nuclear as potential climate change solution

Space News, Sandra Erwin (17)
Aug 07, 2021
On National Security | How Space Force learned to worry about its culture of secrecy

SpaceRef, Beyond Earth Institute
Aug 05, 2021
Beyond Earth Announces Major Space Solar Power US Policy Recommendations

The Jerusalem Post, Lahv Harkov & Tovah Lazaroff
Aug 05, 2021
Gantz: Iran is 10 weeks from breakout to a nuclear weapon

Bloomberg, Anna Shiryaevskaya, Stephen Stapczynski, & Ann Koh
Aug 05, 2021
The Era of Cheap Natural Gas Ends as Prices Surge by 1,000%

Visit to browse the previously private papers of our country's leading nuclear strategist and nonproliferation policy analyst.

The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
1600 Wilson Blvd. | Suite 640 | Arlington, VA 22209 | phone: 571-970-3187 |