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More of NPEC’s Work
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South Asia
May 26, 2021 "India and Pakistan's Next Military Challenge: Drone Warfare," virtual NPEC meeting
On May 26th at 5:00 pm EDT, NPEC hosted a virtual meeting on, "India and Pakistan's Next Military Challenge: Drone Warfare." NPEC secured two of the top experts on this issue, Sameer Lalwani, Senior Fellow and Director of the South Asia Program at the Stimson Center, and General (retired) Feroz Khan, Research Professor in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School. The seminar's aim was to clarify how Pakistan and India view the future of drone warfare in South Asia. See below for the recording and slides.    
Presentations; Audio & Video
Jan 15, 2021 Moscow's Strategic Relations with New Delhi and Islamabad
Although it’s generally assumed that what matters most in determining Washington’s policies toward India and Pakistan is how China treats them, there is another way to view South Asia and that is how India and Pakistan relate strategically with Russia. How deep might Moscow’s military ties with India and Pakistan be and how, if at all, might Russian strategic nuclear thinking be shared with either? To get the answers, NPEC commissioned a series of studies, which the Air University’s Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs released late last week. It showcased research Dr. Sameer Lalwani, Dr. Frank O’Donnell, Tyler Sagerstrom, Akriti Vasudeva, Brig. General Feroz Khan (Pakistan Army retired), and Dr. Vipin Narang completed for NPEC. The analyses are quite detailed. Russian military assistance to India has been and remains massive. A vast majority of the weapons India deploys and is developing — whether it be hypersonic missiles, advanced missile defenses, space systems, nuclear submarines, aircraft carriers or tanks, fighters or bombers — are Russian. Since America opened up high-technology trade with India in 2005, New Deli’s military dependency on Moscow has hardly lessened. This suggests that hopes that India might buy American arms in any major way any time soon, need to be temped. It seems India cherishes its independence in security affairs at least as much as it might desire closer strategic security ties with the United States. This is especially true when it comes to strategic weapons systems such as air and missile defenses, nuclear submarines, hypersonic missiles, and space technology, all of which rely heavily on Russian exports. Russian military instruction of Indian personnel related to specific weapons systems is significant. As for strategic cooperation with Pakistan, Russia is now reaching out to it as well, making military sales and affording military training. Although there is no evidence yet that Russian military science has influenced Pakistani strategic planning, both Pakistan and India emphasize first and early use of nuclear weapons to respond to an overwhelming conventional attack. How Russian, Pakistani, and Indian strategic interests align should moderate optimism that the United States can easily play India against China or ignore Pakistan or Russia in trying to balance India strategically against Beijing.
Occasional Papers & Monographs
Jul 23, 2020 The American Security Case for Seoul and Tokyo Not Going Nuclear
  In the midst of deteriorating security relations between Seoul and Tokyo, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe recently announced Japan was terminating its joint deployment of a land-based U.S. missile defense system, AEGIS Ashore. Meanwhile, Washington continues to lean on Japan and South Korea to pay billions more for the continued basing of American military forces in each country. It’s unclear how this story will end. One ending has Japan and Tokyo going nuclear and relying less on the U.S.. This option privately has backers in Washington, Tokyo, and Seoul. As the attached NPEC-commissioned study by Eric Heginbotham and Richard J. Samuels of MIT make clear, however, it’s less than a bad option; it’s dead wrong. As they note: Neither new allies [e.g., Australia, India, and South Korea] nor nuclear weapons would empower these states to balance Chinese power more broadly. Indeed, they might instead be accompanied by greater accommodation. This, in turn, would only increase the risk of Tokyo and Seoul parting ways with Washington or, worse, catalyzing East Asian tensions and war. Heginbotham and Samuels want none of this. Their study makes for useful reading as do their recommendations to adjust how our military works with Japan and South Korea on nuclear and other deterrence matters.
Occasional Papers & Monographs
Mar 10, 2018 Tracking Emerging Asian Nuclear Weapons Doctrines - Presentations & Papers
As part of NPEC's project, "Tracking Emerging Asian Nuclear Weapons Doctrines," experts were commissioned to study the impact of Russian nuclear military doctrine on the doctrines of China and India. Below are presentations on the preliminary findings of this research.
Feb 27, 2012 Feroz Khan: Pakistan: Political Transitions and Nuclear Management
Brigadier General Feroz Khan's presentation at the Naval Postgraduate School on Pakistan: Political Transitions and Nuclear Management
Occasional Papers & Monographs
Feb 27, 2012 Feroz Khan: Pakistan: Political Transitions and Nuclear Management
Feb 07, 2012 Obama Turns Bush's Nonproliferation Gold Standard into Lead
In an op-ed published by the National Review, NPEC's Executive Director looks into Obama's policy reversal and argues that leading and leaning on key nuclear suppliers to adopt the Gold Standard is our only option. Moreover, if the U.S. allows Jordan, Vietnam, South Korea, or Saudi Arabia to make nuclear fuel, it can forget about preventing any other country, including Iran, from doing so.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Nov 21, 2011 Patrick Roberts's Presentation on the Ability of the IAEA to Safeguard Nuclear Materials if Nuclear Power Expands
On Nov 21, 2011, Virginia Tech Professor Patrick Roberts conducted a presentation in London entitled "Scaling Up Safeguards: How Well will the IAEA Be Able to Safeguard Nuclear Materials in More States."
Oct 07, 2011 Henry Sokolski's Paper Presented at SMU's WMD Proliferation Problems Conference
NPEC's Executive Director, Henry Sokolski, discusses how the modernization of nuclear weapons and delivery capabilities throughout the world will influence global strategic military competitions over the next two decades. The final version will be published in an edited volume. This paper is a companion piece to his October 4, 2011 presentation on the "Current and Future WMD Proliferation Problems" panel for Southern Methodist University's fourth annual conference on National Security & Defense in Dallas, TX.
Occasional Papers & Monographs; Presentations
Jun 09, 2011 Thomas W. Graham: Nuclear Weapons Stability or Anarchy in the 21st Century: China, India, and Pakistan
Graham's paper examines the nuclear weapons competition between China, India and Pakistan and how it may impact the strategic planning of other major countries, including the U.S. and Russia.
Occasional Papers & Monographs
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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