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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four, and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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May 10, 2018 May 10 Hill Lunch - The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?
On May 10, NPEC hosted a public Capitol Hill lunch seminar, "The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?" on Capitol Hill to mark the 40th anniversary of the passage of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 (NNPA). Its panel of experts included Mark Holt, a Specialist in Energy Policy at the Congressional Research Service; Tom Karako, a Senior Fellow at CSIS; Leonard Weiss, a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University and a key author of the NNPA; and Greg Weiner, a Professor of Political Science at Assumption College. Congresswoman Ros-Lehtinen, former Chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and current Chair of its Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, also spoke about the importance of congressional oversight over international nuclear agreements. 
Presentations
May 09, 2018 South Korean Nuclear Cooperative Agreements with Middle Eastern States
Below are nuclear cooperative agreements South Korea has reached with Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Jordan. The Saudi agreement was secured from the South Korean government; the others were graciously supplied from the personal files of Sharon Squassoni, Professor at George Washington University.
May 03, 2018 Arms Control: A Trumpian Agenda
In the spring of 2018, NPEC's Executive Director Henry Sokolski gave two guest lectures on arms control efforts under the Trump Administration: one at the University of Utah's Hinckley Institute of Politics in January and one at the University of California, San Diego, in April. Videos of both lectures are available below. Henry Sokolski spoke more about this issue in a recent op-ed in The National Interest, "Dealing Huge: A Trumpian Arms Control Agenda."
Presentations
Mar 27, 2018 How Likely is Atoms for Peace in the Middle East, Starting with Saudi Arabia?
On March 27, 2018, NPEC's Executive Director gave a lecture at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey's James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. The talk, "How Likely is Atoms for Peace in the Middle East, Starting with Saudi Arabia," focused on the dangers of a lax civil nuclear cooperative agreement between the US and Saudi Arabia.
Presentations
Mar 21, 2018 NPEC Executive Director's HFAC Testimony: Keeping the Middle East from Becoming a Nuclear Wild, Wild West
NPEC's Executive Director, Henry Sokolski, will testify before the House Foreign Affairs Committee's Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa at its hearing on the "Implications of a U.S.-Saudi Arabia Nuclear Cooperation Agreement for the Middle East." For a full list of witnesses and more information, click here.
Testimony & Transcripts
Mar 14, 2018 A Cautionary Tale for Dealing with Riyadh
NPEC's Executive Director publishes a new piece in The Hill, "A Cautionary Tale for Dealing with Riyadh," detailing the proliferation risks of reaching a civilian nuclear cooperative deal with Saudi Arabia without restrictions on uranium enrichment or spent fuel reprocessing.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Mar 10, 2018 Should Friends Let Friends Go Nuclear? Allied Proliferation and American Security
During NPEC's 2018 Public Policy Fellowship Retreat, NPEC's Wohlstetter Public Affairs Fellow, Zachary Keck, showcased his latest research. This research is part of a project which will be turned into a book later this year, "Should Friends Let Friends Go Nuclear? Allied Proliferation and American Security."
Presentations
Mar 02, 2018 Cutting a Permissive Nuclear Deal with Saudi Arabia -- Playing with Fire
NPEC's Program Advisor and Executive Director publish a piece in Foreign Policy, "Don't Give Saudi Arabia An Easy Path to Nukes." 
Op-Eds & Blogs
Feb 22, 2018 No to a Permissive US-Saudi Nuclear Deal
NPEC's Executive Director and Program Advisor publish a new op-ed in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, "No to a Permissive US-Saudi Nuclear Deal," about the importance of sticking to the nonproliferation Gold Standard in any nuclear deal with Saudi Arabia.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Feb 09, 2018 Understanding the US-Saudi Nuclear Cooperation Controversy
Secretary of Energy Rick Perry seems to be in a rush to strike  formal US 123 nuclear cooperative agreement with Saudi Arabia that would be "flexible" on the question of whether or not Riyadh could enrich uranium or separate plutonium from spent reactor fuel -- the same nuclear activities that the world is rightly worried Iran might use in several years to make bombs under the provisions of the current Iran nuclear deal. None of this will help “fix” the Iran nuclear deal’s allowance for Tehran to enrich and reprocess in several years. Instead, it will only signal to the Gulf States and the world that Washington is not that concerned about preventing the spread of the most dangerous nuclear weapons-related technologies in the most dangerous region of the world. The House and Senate should ask questions and hold hearings to shape these negotiations well before they produce any final text whose terms we might later regret.
Op-Eds & Blogs
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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