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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four, and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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May 23, 2012 Olli Heinonen: IAEA Inspections in Perspective
 Olli Heinonen, Senior Fellow, the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University, presented this paper at a conference, "Reassessing the Assumptions Driving Our Current Nuclear Nonproliferation Policies," hosted by NPEC on May 21, 2012.
Working Papers & Monographs
Apr 04, 2012 François Heisbourg: How Bad Would the Further Spread of Nuclear Weapons Be?
François Heisbourg, chairman of IISS, presented a preliminary version of this paper at a conference, "Reassessing Nuclear Nonproliferation's Key Premises," cohosted by NPEC and the Legatum Institute in London, Great Britain, November 3-4, 2011.
Working Papers & Monographs
Feb 14, 2012 NPEC's Executive Director Signs Letter to Urge Obama to Back Gold Standard
The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center and the Foreign Policy Initiative worked together on a letter to the President asking him to reconsider his decision to abandon the "Gold Standard" in favor of a case-by-case review. The Gold Standard requires non-nuclear weapons states to forgo uranium enrichment as well as spent-fuel reprocessing, and open themselves up to intrusive international inspections. NPEC and FPI argue that dropping the gold standard approach undermines global non-proliferation efforts and emboldens Iran because if the U.S. is willing to allow Vietnam and Jordan to make nuclear fuel, how will it convince Iran to refrain from doing this?
Official Docs & Letters
Feb 07, 2012 Obama Turns Bush's Nonproliferation Gold Standard into Lead
In an op-ed published by the National Review, NPEC's Executive Director looks into Obama's policy reversal and argues that leading and leaning on key nuclear suppliers to adopt the Gold Standard is our only option. Moreover, if the U.S. allows Jordan, Vietnam, South Korea, or Saudi Arabia to make nuclear fuel, it can forget about preventing any other country, including Iran, from doing so.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Jan 17, 2012 Letter to Congress Urging Amendments to S. 99, the American Medical Isotopes Production Act of 2011
NPEC signed a letter urging Congressmen Fortenberry, Upton, and Markey to propose an amendment to the American Medical Isotopes Production Act of 2011 that would promote a reliable domestic supply of vital medical isotopes while minimizing HEU commerce.
Official Docs & Letters
Jan 03, 2012 Sir Michael Quinlan's Nuclear Nonproliferation Insights
NPEC's Executive Director Henry Sokolski wrote this chapter commemorating Sir Michael Quinlan's three major insights into the link between nuclear power and nuclear weapons proliferation as part of Thinking About Strategy, A Tribute to Sir Michael Quinlan.
Nov 21, 2011 Patrick Roberts's Presentation on the Ability of the IAEA to Safeguard Nuclear Materials if Nuclear Power Expands
On Nov 21, 2011, Virginia Tech Professor Patrick Roberts conducted a presentation in London entitled "Scaling Up Safeguards: How Well will the IAEA Be Able to Safeguard Nuclear Materials in More States."
Nov 15, 2011 Former IAEA Safeguards Director Pierre Goldschmidt Calls for Automatic Sanctions
Pierre Goldschmidt calls for the IAEA to adopt automatic sanctions in response to the Department of Safeguard's limited authority and lack of cooperation and transparency from IAEA member states.
Working Papers & Monographs
Sep 07, 2011 FAS Posts NPEC Case for Tightening US Nuclear Export Nonproliferation Rules
Fukushima and Iran’s use of civilian nuclear energy to get the bomb serve as fair warnings to tighten conditions on future nuclear exports.  Under existing nuclear rules, expanding nuclear power globally also risks spreading nuclear fuel making activities. Since there is no reliable method of using nuclear inspections to assure that such fuel making won’t be quickly diverted to make bombs, promoting the Gold Standard in civilian nuclear cooperation with foreign states is essential to non-proliferation efforts.  
Op-Eds & Blogs
Aug 05, 2011 Henry Sokolski Presents, "Atoms for Peace, the IAEA and the NPT: Their Historical, Strategic Origins" at IGCC (UCSD) Conference
NPEC's Executive Director Henry Sokolski presented, "Atoms for Peace, the IAEA and the NPT: Their Historical, Strategic Origins" as a part of the Public Policy and Nuclear Threats conference on August 5, 2011. The conference was hosted by the Institute of Global Conflict and Cooperation at the University of California, San Diego.
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
1600 Wilson Blvd. | Suite 640 | Arlington, VA 22209 | phone: 571-970-3187 |