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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four, and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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Apr 21, 2009 Nuclear Abolition and the Next Arms Race (PRESENTATION)
Mr. Sokolski presented this at a DTRA-ASCO event at Fort Belvoir, VA.
Presentations
Apr 19, 2009 How Should the United States and Russia Collaborate to Reduce Future Nuclear Threats and Proliferation Dangers?
NPEC releases "How Should the United States and Russia Collaborate to Reduce Future Nuclear Threats and Proliferation Dangers?" by Robert Zarate. Mr. Zarate is a research fellow at NPEC, and a concurrent Legislative Fellow at the House Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade. The views expressed in Mr. Zarate's essay are his own.
Working Papers & Monographs
Apr 09, 2009 Von Hippel on the Costs and Benefits of Reprocessing
NPEC releases "The Costs and Benefits of Reprocessing: Why Reprocessing Persists in Some Countries and Not in Others", a study by Frank von Hippel. Dr. von Hippel is a professor at Princeton's W Excerpt: Since 1974, when India tested a nuclear bomb made with plutonium that it separated with U.S. assistance under the Atoms for Peace Program, there has been a debate within the global nuclear-power community about the desirability of reprocessing spent power reactor fuel. Today, about one quarter of the world’s spent fuel is reprocessed. Seven of the 31 countries with nuclear power reactors are having at least some of their spent power-reactor fuel reprocessed. A dozen more countries that had been sending their spent fuel to one of the three merchant reprocessing countries (France, Russia and the U.K.) have decided, however, not to renew their contracts. oodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.
Articles
Feb 04, 2008 Towards a New Consensus on Nuclear Technology, Vol. 1 (1979)
This report is also available on Albert Wohlstetter Dot Com, the website for NPEC"s project to highlight the continuing relevance of the Wohlstetters" work on limiting and managing proliferation and other nuclear dangers
Working Papers & Monographs
Dec 21, 2007 The Weekly Standard, "Policy Implosion: Bush Backs Moscow's Fueling of Bushehr."
This article on U.S. nuclear policy towards Iran and Russia is also available on The Weekly Standard"s website
Op-Eds & Blogs
Oct 09, 2007 "Falling Behind: International Scrutiny of the Peaceful Atom"
NPEC's executive director's presentation  before The Council on Foreign Relations in Washington, DC.
Presentations
Jul 31, 2007 Falling Behind: International Scrutiny of the Peaceful Atom
Testimony of NPEC's executive director, Henry Sokolski, presented before a hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee “Safeguarding the Atom: Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Challenges.”
Testimony & Transcripts
May 10, 2007 Market-Based Nonproliferation
Testimony of the NPEC's executive director, Henry Sokolski, presented before a Hearing of The House Committee on Foreign Affairs “Every State a Superpower? Stopping the Spread of Nuclear Weapons in the 21st” Century.”
Testimony & Transcripts
May 08, 2007 The NPT, IAEA Safeguards and Peaceful Nuclear Energy: An "Inalienable Right," But Precisely To What?
Mr. Zarate presented this essay at Assessing the IAEA's Ability to Safeguard Peaceful Nuclear Energy, a conference held in Paris, France, and hosted by the French foreign ministry, the Fondation pour la Recherche Strategique.
Working Papers & Monographs
Apr 11, 2007 Nonproliferation, By the Numbers
Mr. Sokolski's essay on the nuclear nonproliferation efforts of President George W. Bush's second term was published in the Spring 2007 issue of The Journal of International Security Affairs.
Articles
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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