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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four, and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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Jun 28, 2018 Make US-Japanese Nuclear Cooperation Stable Again: End Reprocessing
NPEC's Executive Director and Program Advisor publish a new op-ed in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, "Make US-Japanese Nuclear Cooperation Stable Again: End Reprocessing."
Op-Eds & Blogs
Jun 21, 2018 Intelligence and Policy Community Cooperation in the Libya WMD Disarmament Case (Occasional Paper 1802)
As the Trump Administration prepares to negotiate with North Korea, a question has arisen as to what model Washington should follow. National Security Advisor John Bolton has suggested that the Libyan nuclear case represents the best example to emulate. Given the violence Libya suffered after it disarmed, this recommendation provoked criticism, not only from the North Korean government, but a number of American analysts.    Anticipating the importance of this case, NPEC commissioned William Tobey, former Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at the National Nuclear Security Administration, to write a primary history. Mr. Tobey served on the National Security Council in the Bush (43) Administration when the Libyan nuclear case was being worked.    For his primary history, Tobey conducted extensive history. Shortly after it was completed, the CIA's Center for the Study of Intelligence presented him with the prestigious Studies in Intelligence Award for 2018. 
Working Papers & Monographs
May 24, 2018 John Batchelor Show Interviews on Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the Bomb
John Batchelor interviews NPEC's Executive Director on the possibility of renegotiating the Iran Deal, the proposed US civilian nuclear cooperative agreementwith Saudi Arabia, and the important distinction between safeguarding and monitoring. 
Interviews; Audio & Video
May 24, 2018 Letter to Congress on Nuclear Cooperation with Saudi Arabia
On May 24, 2018, 14 nuclear security experts, including NPEC's Executive Director, sent a letter to the chairs and ranking members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The letter called on Congress "to make sure that with any cooperative agreement with Saudi Arabia, our government does what is necessary to ensure that Saudi Arabia does not reprocess spent fuel or enrich uranium, whether it buys reactors or reactor components from U.S.-based firms or not." The letter was featured in a Washington Post piece, "Pompeo: Saudis must not enrich uranium if it seeks civilian nuclear cooperation."
Official Docs & Letters
May 22, 2018 How Bad Might the Middle East's Nuclear Future Get?
NPEC's Executive Director introduces his new op-ed in Foreign Policy, "In the Middle East, Soon Everyone Will Want the Bomb."
Op-Eds & Blogs
May 10, 2018 May 10 Hill Lunch - The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?
On May 10, NPEC hosted a public Capitol Hill lunch seminar, "The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?" on Capitol Hill to mark the 40th anniversary of the passage of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 (NNPA). Its panel of experts included Mark Holt, a Specialist in Energy Policy at the Congressional Research Service; Tom Karako, a Senior Fellow at CSIS; Leonard Weiss, a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University and a key author of the NNPA; and Greg Weiner, a Professor of Political Science at Assumption College. Congresswoman Ros-Lehtinen, former Chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and current Chair of its Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, also spoke about the importance of congressional oversight over international nuclear agreements. 
Presentations
May 09, 2018 South Korean Nuclear Cooperative Agreements with Middle Eastern States
Below are nuclear cooperative agreements South Korea has reached with Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Jordan. The Saudi agreement was secured from the South Korean government; the others were graciously supplied from the personal files of Sharon Squassoni, Professor at George Washington University.
May 03, 2018 Arms Control: A Trumpian Agenda
In the spring of 2018, NPEC's Executive Director Henry Sokolski gave two guest lectures on arms control efforts under the Trump Administration: one at the University of Utah's Hinckley Institute of Politics in January and one at the University of California, San Diego, in April. Videos of both lectures are available below. Henry Sokolski spoke more about this issue in a recent op-ed in The National Interest, "Dealing Huge: A Trumpian Arms Control Agenda."
Presentations
Mar 27, 2018 How Likely is Atoms for Peace in the Middle East, Starting with Saudi Arabia?
On March 27, 2018, NPEC's Executive Director gave a lecture at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey's James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. The talk, "How Likely is Atoms for Peace in the Middle East, Starting with Saudi Arabia," focused on the dangers of a lax civil nuclear cooperative agreement between the US and Saudi Arabia.
Presentations
Mar 21, 2018 NPEC Executive Director's HFAC Testimony: Keeping the Middle East from Becoming a Nuclear Wild, Wild West
NPEC's Executive Director, Henry Sokolski, will testify before the House Foreign Affairs Committee's Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa at its hearing on the "Implications of a U.S.-Saudi Arabia Nuclear Cooperation Agreement for the Middle East." For a full list of witnesses and more information, click here.
Testimony & Transcripts
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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