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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four, and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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May 22, 2018 How Bad Might the Middle East's Nuclear Future Get?
NPEC's Executive Director introduces his new op-ed in Foreign Policy, "In the Middle East, Soon Everyone Will Want the Bomb."
Op-Eds & Blogs
May 10, 2018 May 10 Hill Lunch - The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?
On May 10, NPEC hosted a public Capitol Hill lunch seminar, "The Nonproliferation Act 40 Years On: Can it Deal with the Middle East?" on Capitol Hill to mark the 40th anniversary of the passage of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Act of 1978 (NNPA). This legislation was written in response to India's 1974 "peaceful" nuclear explosion, which exploited US civilian nuclear cooperative technology and materials. The Act attempted to restrict the enrichment of uranium and the reprocessing of spent reactor fuel by all future recipients of US civilian nuclear cooperation. A key nuclear nonproliferation challenge that the United States faces today is preventing the further spread of enrichment and reprocessing capabilities in the Middle East. This challenge is complicated by America's agreement with the UK, France, China, Russia, Germany, and the European Union to permit Iran to enrich uranium under certain restrictions. What is the legislative history of the NNPA's restrictions on enrichment and reprocessing for non-weapon states under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty? How might the NNPA's enrichment and reprocessing restrictions relate to the kinds of nuclear cooperation the United States want to conclude or renew with Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Egypt, and Turkey? Should the United States go further than the NNPA requires, demanding that all recipients of civil nuclear cooperation in the Middle East adhere to the requirements of the so-called "Gold Standard" (i.e., to forswear enriching and reprocessing altogether)? Would it be constitutional to modify the NNPA to require the Gold Standard? Would it be desirable? A distinguished panel of experts discussed these questions and more: Mark Holt, a Specialist in Energy Policy at the Congressional Research Service; Tom Karako, a Senior Fellow at CSIS; Leonard Weiss, a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University and a key author of the NNPA; and Greg Weiner, a Professor of Political Science at Assumption College. Congresswoman Ros-Lehtinen, former Chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee and current Chair of its Middle East and North Africa Subcommittee, also spoke about the importance of congressional oversight over international nuclear agreements. 
May 03, 2018 Arms Control: A Trumpian Agenda
In the spring of 2018, NPEC's Executive Director gave two guest lectures on arms control efforts under the Trump Administration: one at the University of Utah's Hinckley Institute of Politics in January and one at the University of California, San Diego, in April. Videos of both lectures are available below.
May 02, 2018 John Batchelor Show Interviews on Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the Bomb
John Batchelor interviews NPEC's Executive Director on the possibility of renegotiating the Iran Deal, the proposed US civilian nuclear cooperative agreementwith Saudi Arabia, and the important distinction between safeguarding and monitoring. 
Interviews; Audio & Video
Mar 20, 2018 How to Steer the Saudi Crown Prince Away from a Nuclear Weapon
NPEC's Executive Director and Program Advisor publish a new op-ed in The National Interest, "How to Steer the Saudi Crown Prince Away from a Nuclear Weapon"
Op-Eds & Blogs
Feb 22, 2018 No to a Permissive US-Saudi Nuclear Deal
NPEC's Executive Director and Program Advisor publish a new op-ed in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, "No to a Permissive US-Saudi Nuclear Deal," about the importance of sticking to the nonproliferation Gold Standard in any nuclear deal with Saudi Arabia.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Feb 05, 2018 A Poorly Negotiated Saudi Nuclear Deal Could Damage Future Regional Relationships
NPEC Executive Director Henry Sokolski and NPEC Board Member William Tobey publish a new op-ed in The National Interest, "A Poorly Negotiated Saudi Nuclear Deal Could Damage Future Regional Relationships," about the dangers of a lax nuclear cooperative agreement with Saudi Arabia. 
Op-Eds & Blogs
Jan 24, 2018 Hinckley Institute of Politics Guest Lecture, "What Future Might U.S. Nuclear Arms Control Have?"
NPEC's Executive Director gives a guest lecture at the University of Utah's Hinckley Institute of Politics on the future of nuclear arms control.
Audio & Video
Nov 16, 2017 Exporting Power Reactors: No Way to Fight Proliferation
In an article published by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, "Exporting Power Reactors: No Way to Fight Proliferation," NPEC Executive Director Henry Sokolski and NPEC Program Advisor Victor Gilinsky explain the problems with the argument that the U.S. government must subsidize nuclear power reactor construction abroad in order to promote nonproliferation. 
Op-Eds & Blogs
Nov 07, 2017 Former Bush Officials Back East Asia Plutonium Production Pause
NPEC recently asked some of the most senior Bush 41 and Bush 43 nuclear security officials to endorse the 2017 Joint Statement of the International Conference on Japan's Plutonium Policy. That statement called for Japan to indefinitely postpone Rokkasho's startup and for South Korea and China to suspend their plans to separate plutonium as well. 
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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